Diakonia[1] is a Swedish international faith based development organization that works in about 26 countries in Africa, Latin America, Middle East and Asia by supporting local partners. Diakonia`s vision is a Just, Equal and Sustainable world. Diakonia`s mission and goal is to change unfair political, economic, social and cultural structures that cause poverty, oppression, inequality and violence. Diakonia focuses on 6 thematic/intervention areas namely Human Rights, Democracy, Gender Equality and Social & Economic Justice, Conflict and Justice and Emergency Response and Disaster Resilience.

The Somalia Country Programme has 3 programmes Democracy and Human Rights; Social Economic Justice and Emergency Response and Disaster Resilience. Diakonia is working with 14 partners - 8 in Puntland and 6 in Jubbaland States of Somalia. The portfolio of Diakonia partners include those that Diakonia has worked with over a long period of time while others are new partners. In addition, the portfolio includes a government ministry and a government office of human rights defence.


The Puntland Democratic Governance Programme (PDGP), aims to address the participation and accountability issues around democratic governance in Puntland; to strengthen human rights as a basis for democratic participation and accountability and women empowerment as an affirmative action to enabling women improve their social, economic and political participation.

The 30-month programme that started in November 2016, is implemented in 6 under-developed districts distributed in 6 regions of Puntland, with a population of 440,000 inhabitants, representing 15% of the Puntland population. The 6 districts are Armo in Bari Region; Waiye in Karkaar Region; Badhan in Sanaag Region; Dangorayo in Nugaal Region, Boame in Sool Region and Harfo in Mudug Region.

The goal of the SEK30,000,000 programme is that democratic governance is attained in Puntland State of Somalia. The programme objective is to have empowered women, men and youth and district councils in 6 district in Puntland exercising democratic governance. The programme will produce the following results;

· Outcome 1: Empowered citizens (women, men and youth) in 6 districts understand and engage in democratic processes (district development planning, electoral processes and decision-making processes));

· Outcome 2: District councils in the 6 districts are accountable to their citizens;

· Outcome 3: Empowered citizens (women, men and youth) and custodial corps/prison warders in 6 districts know, respect and promote human rights;

· Outcome 4: Women traders are empowered for economic, social and political participation;

· Outcome 5: Partners have increased capacity to engage in democratic processes; promotion and respect of human rights

The strategy used for the implementation of the programme has been, firstly, to use the development of District Development Plans, as a way of rallying citizens (women, men and youth) around a common issue. This was informed by the fact that these plans are the basis for the provision of basic social services which are currently lacking; they have become tools for resource mobilization and allocation to facilitate implementation of the plans; they are the basis for holding the district councils accountable which is a basic necessity in democracy; but more importantly, give citizens fair opportunity (through participation) to determine the kind of development they would like to see in their districts. Secondly, has been to engage with the Puntland electioneering process, which has a significance in building democracies, but also recognizing that people in Puntland in general have received very limited civic and voter education. In addition to representation, the elected leaders will also complement the implementation of the development plans by influencing state policies, plans and decisions in favour of their electorate. Thirdly, is to promote Human Rights, as a premise for a thriving democracy. Citizens need to know their rights and freedoms as citizens of a nation/state and appreciate their roles and responsibilities. The district councils too need to know these rights and their responsibilities in ensuring the protection and respect of the same. This includes facilitation through the provision of necessary legal and operational frameworks. In implementing programme citizens have been expected to see participation as a right and also as a responsibility. District officers who are duty bearers on the other hand have been required to see provision of spaces, both for participation and for accountability as a duty and as respect for the rights of the people. Access to information has been critical in making this happen. Lastly, economic empowerment for women, to strengthen their position in society and exercise their rights as citizens by being part of mainstream processes including decision making. This has been especially important in Puntland where economically empowered women are relatively more respected, tend to have moral authority in society and are able to influence decisions because their views are taken more seriously.

The programme is reaching 46,660 persons - 42,400 people targeted by information, 216 representatives from 6 districts, 36 district officials, 2,700 religious and traditional elders, 1200 women, 108 custodial corps. Indirectly, 54,000 people, which is 12.3% of the population of the 6 targeted districts population, will be reached by the end of the programme. It is expected that the impact of the programme will be felt by 440,000 people (15% of Puntland) in the 6 districts of Armo, Waiye, Badhan, Dangorayo, Boame and Harfo.

The programme is working with 3 local organizations, namely; We Are Women Activists (WAWA), Somalia Family Services (SFS) and Samo Development Organization (SDO); and two government entities, Ministry of Constitution, Federal Affairs and Democratization (MoCFAD) and the Puntland Office of Human Rights Defender (OHRD).

The programme is at the mid-point of its implementation and thus seeks an external consultant to carry out its mid-term evaluation.


The mid-term evaluation is intended principally for learning purposes, accountability purposes and assists in charting the future of the programme. It is expected to generate relevant findings, lessons and recommendations that will guide and inform the future of the programme for the remaining time, as well as the possibility of development of a new programme in the future.


The overall objective of the mid-term evaluation is to provide SIDA, Diakonia, local partners, stakeholders and rights holders with necessary data and information regarding the Puntland Democratic Governance programme`s efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability. This will then inform decisions such as the appropriate action on any required changes in the programme design, development and implementation strategies for the future.


The mid-term evaluation will cover the programme period November 2016 through February 2018 of the programme. The standard criteria on evaluations namely: relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, sustainability and impact will be used to structure the mid-term evaluation.

Key issues to be looked into should include, but not limited to;

5.1 Relevance

The analysis of relevance will focus on answering the following:

ü Is the programme relevant to context of the areas where it is implemented?

ü Are the programme objectives valid? What can be changed, added or removed?

ü Has local ownership been promoted? Did the identification of key stakeholders and target groups promote local ownership?

ü For the Future: The mid-term evaluation will seek to identify and advise on what is relevant in the design of a future programme.

5.2 Efficiency

The efficiency criterion will inform on how well the various activities transformed the available resources into the intended results, in terms of quantity, quality and timeliness. This will focus on issues such as;

ü Has there been consistency in the achievement of results and the use of the available resources?

ü the quality of day-to-day management, for example in (i) management of the budget (including whether an inadequate budget is a factor); (ii) management of personnel, information, property, etc, (iii) whether management of risk is adequate, i.e. whether flexibility is demonstrated in response to changes in circumstances; (iv) relations/coordination with local authorities, institutions, rights holders, other donors; (v) respect for deadlines.

ü costs and value-for-money: how far the costs of the programme have been justified by the benefits - whether or not expressed in monetary terms in comparison with similar programmes or known alternative approaches, taking account of contextual differences.

ü For the Future: the mid-term evaluation will seek to advise on the most efficient way of transforming similar resources into tangible results.

5.3 Effectiveness

The effectiveness criterion will inform on how far the programme outputs have been used, and how far the programme purpose has been realized. This will focus on issues such as;

ü To what extent have the objectives been achieved? Why and why not? Are there any unintended results- positive and negative?

ü Are the activities and the outputs of the program consistent with the objectives of the program and intended outcomes and impacts?

ü Is the strategy clear and did Diakonia and partners follow the strategy? If not, why, and on what basis were strategic decisions considered and made?

ü Is the programmes implemented according to programme proposals and implementation plans?

ü Is the programme properly monitored to assess their effects on targeted communities?

ü What have been possible major factors or constraints influencing the achievement or non-achievement of the objectives?

ü For the future: the mid-term evaluation will seek to inform on the most effective way of achieving results.

5.4 Impact

Since the programme is still on-going, the criterion will refer to the relationship between the programme objective and the goal; with a focus on whether the programme is moving in the direction expected in order to achieve the intended impact. The following aspects will be analysed;

ü Is the programme making satisfactory progress towards the set objectives? How is this indicated?

ü What is the current impact of the programmes on the rights holders.

ü How has the programmes affected women, girls, men and boys differently?

ü Are there any unintended results? Positive or negative?

ü How well articulated and realistic (or not) is the programme`s Theory of Change (ToC).

ü How many people have benefitted from programme activities? If possible, disaggregated by men/women.

ü For the future: the mid-term evaluation will advise on the design and development of a realistic specific objective for a similar programme, taking into consideration how much of the impact can be attributed to programme`s direct intervention.

5.5 Sustainability

With the programme being in its mid-point the criterion will focus on the extent so far that the positive outcomes of the programme at purpose level are likely to continue after external funding ends. The analysis will include;

ü Ownership of objectives and achievements, e.g. how, so far, stakeholders have been consulted and involved in the programme.

ü Policy support and the responsibility, e.g. how far donor policy and national policy has corresponded or affected the programme.

ü institutional capacity, e.g. the degree of commitment of all partners (e.g. through internal policy and systems; relationships with donors.

ü Socio-cultural factors, e.g. whether the programme has been in tune with local perceptions of needs and of ways of producing and sharing benefits.

ü Whether cross-cutting issues such as gender equity, environmental impact and conflict sensitivity; have been appropriately accounted for and managed in the programme;

ü For the future: the mid-term evaluation will advise on the design and development of a coherent sustainability plan for a similar programme.


The methodology of the mid-term evaluation should use a mix of qualitative and quantitative approaches, and should consider the following;

Documents Review - These will be a myriad of documents deemed relevant to the evaluation of the programme and will include; proposal documents, technical reports, partner reports financial reports, audits, sector plans from government, contracts, secondary document from other stakeholders relevant to the programme.

Focus Group Discussions - Focus Group Discussions will be held at partner level and rights holders level.

Semi-Structured Interview (SSI) - SSI will be carried out with selected partners and rights holders and government institutions.

Observations - Careful and systematic observation in places where the evaluation team will engage rights holders and partners organizations.

Key Informant Interviews - This method is important to capture the views and professional opinions of people who know about the circumstances on the ground. This will include programme officers, heads of partner organizations, government officials etc.

Most significant change stories - It is suggested that the consultants should collect stories of change from identified rights holders. The stories will focus on what the rights holders consider to be the most significant change brought by the programme in their lives, capacities or way of operating.

Primary Data analysis - Data gathered using various methods and tools have to be collated, analyzed and interpreted systematically. The evaluators will be expected to come up with detailed data/information analysis methods. It would be possible to utilize social science data analysis software such as the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences


The consultant(s) will be responsible for leading the mid-term evaluation and producing the mid-term evaluation report.

Diakonia Country Office staff will support the consultant(s) to mobilize and coordinate the logistics and data collection process (if any). Diakonia will organize the verification workshops/meetings, if any.

The consultant(s) will report to the Diakonia Country Representative - Somalia in Nairobi.

The Diakonia Programme Coordinator in Garowe, Puntland, will provide management and day-to-day supervision and support to the evaluation team whilst in Puntland.

Diakonia Monitoring, Report, Evaluation and Learning Manager in Nairobi, will provide overall quality assurance of the evaluation.

Collation of feedback on the findings and recommendations from the evaluation will be done by the Country Representative - Somalia.


The consultant(s) should deliver the following outputs and services;

ü A technical proposal with a proposed evaluation framework/design and a description of the evaluation team;

ü Upon signing a contract submit a detailed evaluation plan, design, methodology and data collection tools to be discussed and agreed upon with Diakonia;

ü Plan and carry out the evaluation process;

ü Provide periodic update and debriefs with Diakonia, as will be agreed in the work plan;

ü Produce a draft report of the mid-term evaluation;

ü Submit a final mid-term evaluation report incorporating comments from the Diakonia and other stakeholders;

ü The consultant(s) should submit the final report in soft and 3 hard copies.


The following are the qualifications and experience is required for the assignment;

ü Experience and knowledge of working with human rights;

ü Experience and knowledge of working with gender based programming and/or gender equality work in development and humanitarian context;

ü Knowledge of participatory and human rights based approach;

ü Monitoring & evaluation experience including qualitative and qualitative approaches/skills;

ü Experience in working with similar programmes including engagement with civil society actors, right holders and duty bearers;

ü Knowledge and/or experience of Somalia/Puntland and the operating context;

ü Experience of cross cutting issues/mainstreaming areas such as gender, environment and conflict sensitivity;

ü Fluency in written and oral English. Fluency in written and oral Somali is an added advantage.


The following are the envisaged timeframes, which might or might not run concurrently;


Man days

a. Consultative and briefing meetings at Nairobi level - 1 day

b. Identification and review of programme documents - 2 days

c. Development of evaluation design, plan and tools - 2 days

d. Meeting and discussion on evaluation design, plan and tools, including incorporating the comments from Diakonia - 1 day

e. Field work in Puntland (training of enumerators, pre-testing tools, data collection & debriefing) - 12 days

f. Debriefing at Garowe level (0.5 days) and Nairobi level (0.5 days) - 1 day

g. Revision, finalization of the report, submission and approval - 2 days

Total - 21 days


Logistics: The consultant(s) travel from base to the field and back after the end of the contract (including airport tax), food, and accommodation will be covered by Diakonia.

Tax and insurance: The consultant(s) shall be responsible for their income tax and/or travel and other insurance during the assignment.

*Code of conduct:** The consultant shall be required to sign and abide to Diakonia`s Code of Conduct, which can be found at http:///

Additional terms and conditions of service shall be spelt out in the contract.


Applications will be made in soft copy including CVs, testimonials and a sample of previous similar work. The applications should be submitted on or before 26th March 2018 and via email to &

All applications should include the following;

ü Cover letter (maximum 1 page)

ü Technical proposal (max 8 pages): The technical proposal should include (i) brief explanation about the Consultant with particular emphasis on previous experience in this kind of work; (ii) profile of the Consultant to be involved in undertaking the mid-term evaluation, (iii) Understanding of the TOR and the task to be accomplished, (iv) draft mid-term evaluation frame work and plan and (v) a budget detailing fees and costs.

ü Samples: One samples of previous similar work, preferably in Somalia or in a similar context.

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How to apply:
Applications will be made in soft copy including CVs, testimonials and a sample of previous similar work. The applications should be submitted on or before 26th March 2018 and via email to &

All applications should include the following;

ü Cover letter (maximum 1 page)

ü Technical proposal (max 8 pages): The technical proposal should include (i) brief explanation about the Consultant with particular emphasis on previous experience in this kind of work; (ii) profile of the Consultant to be involved in undertaking the mid-term evaluation, (iii) Understanding of the TOR and the task to be accomplished, (iv) draft mid-term evaluation frame work and plan and (v) a budget detailing fees and costs.

ü Samples: One samples of previous similar work, preferably in Somalia or in a similar context.